United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Nepal is Currently imple- menting the UK Government Department for International Development (DFID)-funded UNFPA Nepal Family Planning project (UNFPP). The Project contributes to DFID’s Nepal Family Planning Project “Addressing Unmet Need for Family Planning among Excluded and Vulnerable Women”. The added component ‘FP services among adolescents’ will further expand Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) and Family Planning (FP) services among the adolescents.
UNFPA approach through this project focuses on advocacy, capacity-building, service provi- sion and evidence gathering. It also aims at leveraging compara- tive advantage for continued policy advocacy and demand generation. Family planning contributes in multiple ways -both direct and indirect to -the achieve- ment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The provision of voluntary family planning services based on informed choice and equitable access is a priority for the government of Nepal.
Unmet need for family planning has declined from 28% in 2011 to 24% in 2016. This progress notwithstanding, it is notable that the use of modern methods has remained constant at 43%, and the demand satisfied with modern methods has stagnated at 56%. Access to and use of quality FP service in hard to reach areas, marginalized and ethnic communities is low for example with high unmet need among Muslims (37%), adolescent (35%) women living in rural areas (25.3% compared to 22.7% in urban areas) and lowest wealth quintiles (27%) compared to 21% in highest wealth quintiles. In response to this situation, UNFPA is currently implementing DFID-funded Nepal Family Planning Project in 7 districts of
Nepal as well as some activities in Dhanusha and Kailali.
The project contributes to:
9.2% increase in contraceptive prevalence
( from 42.8 in 2016 to 52 in 2020) [MOHP Nepal SDG Targets]
2.7%-point decrease in unmet need for FP (15-49 years) (from 23.7 in 2016 to 21 in 2020 [ MOHP Nepal SDG Targets]
Province 1: Sunsari, Udayapur Province 2: Rautahat, Sarlahi
Province 5: Arghakhanchi Sudurpaschim : Achham, Bajura
Project Period: 2016-2020
Funding Partners: DFID, UNFPA
Implementing Partners: ADRA Nepal and Government of Nepal
USD: 5.8 Million
Contribute to improving maternal health through increased uptake of FP service
Increase use of FP services for adolescents and women of reproductive age.
Key Outputs & Activities:
Increased access to information on family planning for women of reproductive age (WRA) with focus on excluded and Marginalized (WRA).
Increased availability of FP services by expanding the range of contraceptive methods. Evidence generated to understand determinants of non -use of FP services