GOAT BANK NEPAL: Supporting Earthquake Victims to Restock Goat
The agriculture and forestry sector which employs more than 73 percent of the population above 15 yrs. and contributes nearly 33 percent to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was also hardly it by the triggering effects of the earthquake on April 25, 2015. Struggling with the devastation (especially loss of their family and home), peoples’ ability to sustain their living from farming rationally decreased than before. With the loss of livestock, food grains, seeds, tools and technologies; irrigation canals and water storage the ability to supply and purchase agricultural products among the smallholder farmers rampantly lowered. Post disaster need assessment done by the government suggests that the earthquake has disproportionately affected the poor in rural locations than to those residing in the urban and peri-urban areas.
In this context, ADRA Norway supported the GOAT BANK PROJECT to restock the livestock lost during the earthquake to the poorest households of the Nalang VDC of Dhading district.The overall goal of this project is to support earthquake affected ultra-poor households to recover their livelihood options. This will be achieved though restocking goats and enhancing their skills and know-how in goat farming. The specific objectives, therefore, will be:
- To restock goat for household who have lost their goat in earthquake or made distress sale to cope with earthquake impacts
- To increase the knowledge and skills on goat production
A totalof 100 poorest families who have lost their goat stock in earthquake will be the primary beneficiaries of the project. Households from lower socio-economic hierarchy, women headed households, households with disabled family members etc will get priority. Project will support earthquake affected households to get two female goat kids. These households will also be supported to enhance their technical knowhow on goat farming including improved goat shed, pasture feeding rack (Taatano), mineral and salt lick blocks making, plantation of forage/fodderetc. Breeding bucks will also be supported to improve the breed of existing goat stock for higher productivity. The aim of the project is to help recover livelihood of earthquake affected ultra poor families.
This project will be completed in six months. Women’s group will be formed by partner cooperatives in its service areas. In total 20 groups will be formed comprising poorest households who have lost their goat in the earthquake. In the first phase, 5 most vulnerable and needy households will be identified through participatory wealth and vulnerability ranking exercises and supported two female goats. This exercise will also identify next five households who will be supported female goats. Households receiving goats in the first phase will have to return back two goat kids to the cooperative which will pass these goats to households next in the ranking list. Although this project will be completed within six months, the cycle of passing over two goat kids to households next in the list will be continuously operated by the cooperatives. When all households of the group have received goats, cooperatives will start this scheme in new groups. In this way, cooperative will be operating “Goat Bank Project” continuously. It is expected that after the end of two productive years of receiving goats, the HH will have their total assets increased significantly with 4 goat kids and 2 does. The increased assets holdings will help to operate successfully their business of livestock rearing independently. Consequently, the beneficiaries will be able to increase their income and savings which is expected to improve their nutrition, healthcare, children’s education and coping capacity to future disaster risks.
- Partner identification and joint planning workshop
- Beneficiary selection
- Sourcing and distribution of two female goats per household
- Breeding buck support (at a group of 20 HHs)
- Training on goat farming and veterinary care
- Demonstration of improved goat shed
- Forage plantation demonstrations
- Insurance of the goat in collaboration with District Livestock Service Office
Donor: ADRA Norway
Duration: 6 months, July-December, 2016