The FOSTER project will be implemented in a municipality and four rural municipalities in Dhading which comprised 7 former VDCs; Naubise, Tharke, Tasarpu, Bhumisthan, Baireni, Kiranchowk and Mahadevsthan. Dhading ranks low in a poverty and infrastructure deprivation index. Dhading district also ranks low in food balance and is recognised as-as food deficit district. The district is one of the severely affected districts by 2015 earthquake which further exacerbated the condition of smallholder farmers by damaging their livelihood options.
The earthquake has badly affected the livelihood of people in Dhading district disrupting the agricultural production, processing and marketing activities. As agriculture is the key economic activity and major sources of livelihoods for the people in the district, it is therefore very crucial to establish an efficient agricultural environment to transform the agriculture sector so that the affected people could revitalise the farming and build back better. Besides, as agriculture in the proposed project sites is largely of subsistence nature, there is a requirement of capacitating and supporting farmers towards commercialization of agriculture which can lead to diversification of their livelihood. This project targets to achieve it through proper mobilisation of the local resources, formation and strengthening of farmers group, development of local resource person and resource centres, construction and rehabilitation of community infrastructures, improved agricultural technologies and practices and market development
Coverage: Dhading District Dhunibesi Municipality, Thakre Rural Municipality, Galchhi Rural Municipality, Ga juri Rural Municipality, Benighat-Rorang Rural Municipality
Project Duration: 2017-2020
Beneficiaries: Directly: 2400 HH, Indirectly: 5400 HH
Key Donors: ADRA International, Canadian Food Grain Bank (CFGB), ADRA Canada, Swiss Solidarity, ADRA Switzerland
Budget: NPR 1073,16,387
Implementing Partner: RIMS Nepal, Baireni, Dhading
Key Activities and Project Approach
ADRA Nepal and RIMS Nepal have a long presence in Dhading in development projects as well as in emergency response after the 2015 earthquake. ADRA Nepal conducted a needs assessment survey to assess impacts of the earthquake on food security and livelihood of people in proposed project sites to understand how the affected households were coping with those impacts. Besides, the secondary information was also reviewed from Post-Disaster Needs Assessment undertaken by National Planning Commission and Agriculture Livelihoods Impact Appraisal was undertaken by Nepal Food Security Cluster.
Results of the survey indicated that majority of people were affected by the earthquake with permanent or partial damage to their house, damage to the animal shelter, reduced source of drinking water and irrigation due to depletion of water sources or damage to infrastructures.The study further revealed that the majority of the earthquake affected people in Dhading were experiencing less availability and accessibility of food in their home and in the nearby market due to the earthquake which damaged the houses along with stored food grains and disrupted market mechanism due to damages to supply networks.
The disruption in production, employment, trade and services due to the earthquake has threatened the livelihoods and food security of the people in the Dhading district. According to a joint assessment of food security, livelihoods and early recovery led by food security cluster reported top three coping strategies in Dhading were borrowing, selling the animal and eating seed stocks. In the immediate aftermath of the project, several agencies supported immediate response activities such as food and non-food materials, seeds and tools to grow the crop and temporary shelter to live. However, humanitarian relief, in the long run, is neither feasible not sustainable and recovering livelihoods require longer term interventions. Therefore, after considering the rationale for this project, it is important to support towards revitalising the agriculture sector, which forms the base of livelihood and food security for the majority of the people in the proposed project sites. Giving farmers a strong voice through their groups, enhancing their capacity in crop and livestock production, supporting the construction/rehabilitation of damaged irrigation infrastructures and linking farmers better with markets can help them to enhance food security and income, thereby increasing their resilience to future disaster shocks
Enhanced food security and sustainable agricultural resilience of earthquake affected rural farmers in Dhading district of Nepal through increased income and enhanced crop and livestock productivity
Improved institutional and technical capacities of farmer groups Increased adoption of improved agricultural technologies Increased adoption of improved practices in livestock health and management Improved access of farmers to input and output market Improvement and rehabilitation work in agriculture infrastructures.
Key Actions and Deliverables
- Rehabilitation work of4 Irrigation schemes
- Establish 11 Multi-Use Water Systems (MUS), 29 Water harvesting ponds, 90 animal sheds and 3 collection centres in cash for work approach.
- Formation and activation of farmers group through a participatory process to maintain and progress in agriculture and sustain the activities after the project.
- Support farmers with improved variety of vegetable seedsand toolkits.
- Support the most vulnerable households to restock goat.
- Demonstration of new technologies (poly- house, micro-irrigation technologies), vegetable plantation and varietal selection.
- Support breeding buck to improve local goat breeds.
- Promote saving and credit mechanism in farmer groups.
- Create linkage between farmers group and Micro Financial Institutions (MFI).
- System strengthening of4 vegetable collection centres.
- Improved goat rearing training 900 farmers in improved vegetable farming practices and technologies.
- Support 900 farmers in improved goat management practices
- Training 900 farmers in kitchen gardening
- Training 45 farmers to be as leader farmers (50% women) to serve the community.
- Provide result oriented leadership training to farmers group leaders.
- Construction of a school building (Two storey RC framed building with 4 classrooms )