ADRA has developed this livelihood recovery project targeting to rehabilitate earthquake-damaged irrigation infrastructures using catchment area along three river corridors and Prithivi highway corridor of a Dhading District and will be implemented in partnership with Rural Mutual Development (RMD) Nepal, a local NGO.
Dhading district, the proposed project site, is one of the hardest hit districts by April 25th,2015 devastating earthquake and hundreds of aftershocks that followed the main shock. Out of 73,851 households (HHs) in the district, 75% is dependent on agriculture for their major source of income (CBS, 2011). The devastating earthquake and its aftershock had a direct impact on HHs that relied on agriculture as they lost seeds, food grains, livestock, livestock shelters and agriculture tools (Nepal ALIA, 2015). The district, which due to its proximity with the capital city, had remained as one of the major production pockets supplying tons of vegetables and other crops to the city areas. However, in the present context, there has been decline in the production and productivity due to damages caused to the agricultural infrastructure including the irrigation system by the earthquake. As per the discussion with District Agriculture Development Office (DADO) of Dhading district, already there have been 131 applications received by the office for the repair and maintenance of the irrigation canals. A preliminary need assessment conducted by the team in 17 irrigation systems in proposed project VDCs indicates damages to intake system, irrigation canals, HDPE pipes and water storage structures. The average cost of rehabilitating a system is estimated to be USD 3,500 and the community is willing to contribute about 15% of this cost by contributing in-kind services, especially by free labour.
The rehabilitation of the irrigation system, which will be done in coordination with local line agencies, will enable affected HHs to increase their agricultural production and Cash for Work activities will support income generation for HHs and will also enhance livelihood to meet HHs’ other needs.
Agriculture Census, 2011 published by Centre Bureau of Statistics, Nepal
Nepal Agricultural Livelihoods Impact Appraisal- June 2015 published by Nepal Food Security Cluster