Rehabilitation of 15 damaged irrigation schemes due to earthquake through cash for work approach.

The overall goal of the project is to recover the livelihood of the earthquake affected people through increase in agriculture production resulting due to increased access to irrigation. USD 82016

Funding Partner:
Czech Humanitarian Aid,ADRA Czech

Implemented by:
ADRA Nepal through Rural Mutual Development (RMD)


The devastating earthquake on April25, 2016 killed nearly 9,000 people, injured more than 21,000 and rendered millions of people homeless. With the epicenter at Gorkha, the 7.8 magnitude quake severely affected the 14 districts near to the epicenter. Among those affected, Dhading district also listed on the vulnerability rank which required immediate attention for rehabilitation and recove ry. Along with this humanitarian loss, the denizens of Dhading, whose survivaldepend on agriculture, had to also encounter unexpectedloss of means for sustainable livelihood.The small irrigation canals were damaged disrupting access to irrigation facilities in the field. In Dhading district alone, more than 350 complains of damage of small irrigation schemes were lodged in District Agriculture and Development Office, Dhading (DADO).

With the rehabilitation of community infrastructures being one of the three pillars under early recovery activities recommended by Early Recovery Cluster led by the Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MOFALD) and Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), ADRA Nepal took an initiative to rehabilitate 15 damaged irrigation schemes in Dhading district to support the distress farmers to recover their livelihood through cash for work approach. Czech Humanitarian Aid in coordination with ADRA Czech has financially supported to implement this project in Dhading district.

Key Activities and project approach

Output of the project:
To rehabilitate 15 damaged irrigation schemes due to earthqua ke through cash for work approach.

The output focused on rehabilitation of 15 damaged irrigation schemes in selected VDCs of Dhading district benefitting 400 households and supporting irrigation access ibility to 90 hectares of land. The irrigation schemes rehabilitated were mostly gravity-fed canals with varying lengths.The major part of the rehabilitation was construction of cemented structure in areas where landslide had damaged irrigation canal, channelling of water by HOPE pipe where cement structure could not be constructed to repair irrigation canal, improvement/rehabilitation of intakes, construction of gabion wall to checkland slip below irrigation canal.

The immediate incentive to earthquake victims from the project site was delivered through Cash for Work (CfW) schemes during the construction of the damaged infrastructures. A totalof 60% of this activity budget was allocated for rehabilitation works of irrigation schemes and 40% on CfW (such as labour cost in transporting materials, collecting local materials, construction labour). A rough estimate indicated that one scheme would generate around 250 person days of labour generating 3,750 employment days in total project life.

Adra Nepal in close coordination with Rural Mutual Development (RMD), a local NGO based in Dhadhing, implemented this project. All15 damaged irrigation schemes in Dhading district were identified in coordination with DADO, DDC and local stakeholders. A need based approach was implemented to identify the schemes in communities with greater need. ADRA Nepal and RMD worked closely with the community to form 15 community users group assigning the responsibility of respective irrigation scheme. Under cash for work program, beneficiaries were selected from the most vulnerable, marginalized and disadvantaged (Dalit and ethnic minorities) communities, household with disable family member, women headed household and those household affected completely and partially by earthquake

After the restoration of these irrigation systems, the beneficiaries are expected to recuperate with increased agricultural produce. Besides, the community made 15%in-kind contribution in form of labour service and lobbied with the district government bodies for additional support.

Initially, the estimated beneficiaries of the project were 400 HHs and 90 ha of land, however, until November it is estimated that a total of 482 HHs have been benefitted and the coverage has increased to 138 ha of land. In addition, the CfW days has also increased from 3750 days to 41OS days.

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